Group of Plant Environmental Microbiology

Faculty staff

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Akio TANI
Link to plant / symbiotic microorganism team HP
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Assoc. Prof. Dr. Shoko UEKI
Link to phytoplankton team HP
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Lecture: Plant-Microbe/Insect Interactions, Advanced Molecular Virology, Applied Plant Virology, Applied Plant-Environmental Microbiology
Keywords: Virus; Biological control; Fungal pathogens; Methylobacterium; Virus evolution and systematics

Summary of main research topics

Plant Environmental Microbiology Group engage in two research topics.
One team is interested in interaction between land plant and methylotrophs bacteria. Various microorganisms associating to plants are playing important roles for plant growth. Methylobacterium species that can utilize methanol emitted from plants are mutualistic symbiont that not only utilize methanol but also produce plant hormones. We are conducting functional analysis on their methylotrophy and plant-growth promoting ability. Especially we focus on their lanthanide-dependent methylotrophy.
The other team studies about interaction between aquatic microbes and bloom-forming phytoplankton. Study to date demonstrated that marine viruses are known to terminate bloom by infecting phytoplankton, and marine bacteria may be involved in bloom formation by facilitating growth of phytoplankton. The team is trying to characterize such interstices interaction from cellular and molecular level.
pii pii

Latest publications

(1) Tani, A., Mitsui, R. and Nakagawa, T. Discovery of lanthanide-dependent methylotrophy and screening methods for lanthanide-dependent methylotrophs. Meth. Enzymol. 650: 1-18. (2021. 2.)
(2) Yurimoto, H., Iguchi, H., Tani, A., Okumoto, Y. and Sakai, Y. Methanol bioeconomy: Promotion of rice crop yield in paddy fields with microbial cells prepared from natural-gas derived C1-compound. Microbial Biotechnology 14 (4): 1385-1396. (2021. 7.)
(3) Alessa, O., Ogura, Y., Fujitani, Y., Takami, H., Hayashi, T., Sahin, N. and Tani, A. Comprehensive comparative genomics and phenotyping of Methylobacterium species. Front. Microbiol. 12: 740610. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2021.740610. (2021.10.)

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